Haiti Observer

September 30, 1991 - A Military Coup Deposes Jean Bertrand Aristide

Jean Bertrand Aristide and Raoul Cedras

Jean-Bertrand Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest of the Salesian order who later turned into a Haitian politician, became Haiti's first elected president by winning the Haitian first free democratic election between 1990 and 1991, with 67% of the votes and became the President of the nation on February 7, 1991. However, he was deposed on September 30, 1991. Aristide was ousted in a coup led by Haitian Army General Raoul Cédras, Army Chief of Staff Phillipe Biamby and Chief of the National Police, Michel François. His life was saved by the intervention of the US, French and Venezuelan diplomats and he was sent into exile. He lived in there until October 15, 1994, when the Haitian military, faced with a U.S. invasion under Clinton, agreed to let Aristide return to power and he resumed his presidency.

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Tourism Still One of the Main Sources Of Revenue for Haiti

Tourism In Haiti - Traditional Haitian Dance Performances

Like many other countries in the Latin America and Caribbean region, 'tourism' is one of the main economic drivers in Haiti. Haiti's former minister of tourism Stéphanie Villedrouin worked tirelessly to improve this sector during her tenure. She was regarded as one of the most visible figures of Haiti's different Ministries who never remained contented with the accomplishment of tourism objectives, but worked to create infrastructure that will ease tourism in Haiti in decades to come. Because, she believed that visitors to Haiti can provide much-needed funds to boost infrastructure and create jobs to help trigger redevelopment.

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September 24, 1791, Concordat De Damiens Granting Political Rights to the Affranchis, signed

Carnival Costume - Afranchie of Saint-Domingue

It was on this date, September 24, 1791, that the Concordat De Damiens was signed, Granting Political Rights to the Affranchis.

The word "Affranchi" means a liberated slave who is free from legal, social, or political restrictions, but it was used to refer pejoratively to mulattoes. In 1789, Saint-Domingue had an estimated population of 556,000, including roughly 500,000 African slaves and 24,000 affranchis. The affranchis were mostly free mulattoes (people of mixed African and European descent) or black. The affranchis were sometimes slave owners themselves and roughly half of the affranchis were freed people of mixed race. They wanted to be rich like Europeans, but were afraid of the slave majority. Haitian society was deeply fragmented by skin color, class, and gender. In the late 18th century, knowing the weight of Haiti in the French economy, the royalists attempted to exploit the slave revolution to weaken the French Girondins. On August 22, 1791, the first alliance between blacks and mulattos (including Petion and Beauvais) defying the racist ideology of whites was formed and that ended in the victory of the freedmen and the signing of the Concordat de Damiens on September 24, 1791, granting political or voting rights to the affranchis.

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Is it true that Libra are peaceful, fair, and hate being alone?

Libra Horoscope

If you were born any time between September 23 and October 22, you are a Libra person, because during your birth, the Sun was in Libra astrological sign. Your birth sign is represented by a 'scale', because you love to seek balance, harmony and co-operation in relationships with others. The strong points about you are-- diplomatic, peaceful, balanced, hospitable, social and idealistic. However, your main weaknesses are, you are indecisive, avoid confrontations, usually carry a grudge, superficial and unreliable. You like partnerships and groups. You hate being alone. You are happiest when other people are around and when other people are doing their work. You could be lazy, dislike hard work, but love to live in a posh surrounding and nice decor.

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The City Of Petion-Ville, Founded By Boyer on September 22, 1831

Petion-Ville, Haiti

John-Pierre Boyer was the founding father of the city of Petion-Ville. He was the president of Haiti between 1818 and 1843. He was one of the notable leaders of the Haitian revolution. On 22 September 2011, he founded the city of Petion Ville in the eastern suburbs of Port au Prince. He named the city after his predecessor, President Alexandre Sabes Petion.

Alexandre Petion was one of the founding fathers of Haiti and first president of the Republic of Haiti. The city at that time was in no way comparable to its current status. Guarded mansions of Petionville looks like a Haitian version of Beverly Hills. Here you can find everything that expect to find in any international city.

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The September Equinox is here, learn what it is

Equinox, the Sun rises directly in the east and sets directly in the west

The name equinox means "equal night" in Latin. There are two equinoxes every year - around 20 March and 23 September. Theoretically, it is the day of the year when all points on the earth's surface experience the same lengths of daylight and darkness - 12 hours of each. The September equinox occurs the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator - the imaginary line in the sky above the Earth's Equator - from north to south. Since the seasons are opposite on either side of the Equator, equinox in September is also known as the Autumnal (fall) equinox in the northern hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, it's known as the spring (vernal) equinox.

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How to Prepare Yourself for A US Visa Interview

mission against falsification of visas, passports travel documents

Before you prepare for applying non-immigrant visa, you must keep in mind that under the U.S Law, all applicants for non-immigrant visas are viewed as intending immigrants until they can convince the consular officer that they are not. Therefore, you have to prepare yourself to show them that you have reasons stronger to return your home country than remaining in the United States. Your chances of success will greatly increase if you prepare yourself with necessary documents and convincing answers of the anticipated questions of the visa officer. Always remember that incomplete or improper documentation is the leading cause of visa failure. So prepare yourself with perfect documents, especially your property documents, bank statement, income tax returns, family photographs and make sure nothing is missing. If your application was ever rejected, and you intend to apply for a second time, must consider the fact that consular officers do keep earlier records and he will compare your new documents against the earlier documents.

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How to Increase Your Chance of Getting A US Visa

US Visa

An overseas trip should never impromptu. You should make a host of arrangement months before you actually plan to visit. The U.S visa approval always remains a matter of concern. Complete documents increase your chances of a visa approval provided you know the right type of visa you need. There are about 185 different types of U.S visas which could be grouped in two main categories: (a) Nonimmigrant visa - for temporary visits such as for tourism, business, work or studying; and (b) Immigrant visa - for people to immigrate to the United States. Here are some tips that can help you to increase the chance of getting U.S visa. As per U.S laws, consular officers view all non-immigrant applicants as potential immigrants until you can convince them that you are not. You have to convince them that you have reasons stronger to return your home country than remaining in the United States. So prepare with supporting documents like your identity proof, property documents, bank statements, tax returns, your ability to finance your trip, purpose and duration of your stay, your responsibility towards your family and dependants in your homeland, if any. You should also mention whether you are a business owner or serving some employer. If you cannot meet their expected financial capacity, the consular officer may ask you for sponsorship documents, the name and details of your sponsor in the U.S.

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History - September 18, 1792 - Second Civil Commission arrived in Cap-Francais

Cap-Haitian during government of Lysius Salomon

On this date, September 18, 1792, the Second Civil Commission, comprising Léger-Félicité Sonthonax, Polvérel, and Ailhaud, arrived in Cap-Français to execute the law of 4 April which was to restore order in the colony

Saint-Dominique was the richest French colony, because it was the center from where half of the world's sugar was produced and this was achieved with heavy exploitation of African slaves imported from Africa. Its history is inextricably linked to Haiti's colonial past and struggle for independence. In 1791, Cap-Haïtien was captured by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the leader of the slave rebellion and became the center of slave uprisings.

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Harvest Moon Is Tonight, Some Facts about September's Full Moon

The Moon is Earth's only permanent natural satellite

The full moons of September and October are called by the name 'Harvest Moon'. It is the full moon that occurs closest to the date of the autumn equinox in the Northern Hemisphere, which marks the beginning of fall in the Northern Hemisphere. During this time, the full-looking moon shines from dusk until dawn because the path of the sun, moon, and earth makes a narrow angle with the horizon at sunset. The moon officially turns full when it reaches the spot opposite to the sun. Although, full-looking harvest moon is not always a supermoon, but it is no ordinary full moon; it behaves in a special way. It is special because during the months around the autumn equinox, days close to the full moon, the time of moonrise becomes very close to the sunset time for several evenings in a row and there is an abundance of bright moonlight early in the evening. It shines brighter and more golden than during normal full moons and there is very little darkness between sunset and moonrise. The rising and setting moon looks bigger than we see it high in the sky. In other times of the year, on an average, the moon rises 50 minutes after the sunset. But, on September and October evenings, the moon rises 15 to 35 minutes later of the sunset depending upon the latitude of the location-- it rises only around 30 minutes in the United States and even less in Canada.

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